Glossary

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S

Sector Similar securities in a group, such as equities in a specific industry.
Sector breakdown Breakdown of securities in a portfolio according to industry categories.
Securities Financial instrument or assets that have monetary value such as stocks and bonds.
Settlement Payment or collection of proceeds after trading a security.
Share Price The price of a single share of a number of saleable stocks of a company, derivative or other financial asset.
Shareholder An individual or institution (including a corporation) that legally owns one or more shares of stock in a public or private corporation.
Shareholders Equity The amount returned to the shareholders if all the assets of a company were liquidated and all the debt was paid off.
Shares Financial asset of a company in terms of units for equal profit distribution, divided into common shares and preferred shares.
Shariah Compliant Tradable stocks which adhere to the Shariah Investment principles.
Sharpe Ratio To help investors understand the return of an investment compared to its risk.
Short Selling The investor borrows a security and sells it on the open market, planning to buy it back later for less money.
Short-term investment Asset purchased with less than a year of investment life.
Sideways Market Occurs where the price of a security trades within a fairly stable range without forming any distinct trends over some period of time.
Small Cap Market capitalization of companies’ stocks with market value that are less than $3 billion.
Spot Market Market where financial instruments such as commodities, securities and currencies trading takes place for immediate delivery, opposite to futures market.
Stag One who applies for a new security with the intention of selling it at the first available opportunity.
Standard & Poor’s Index Measurement of changes in the stock market conditions which is based on 500 widely held common stocks’ average performance.
Stochastic K%D Measures the relative position of the closing prices compared to the amplitude of price oscillations in a given period.
Stock Long-term, for growth on investment that hold ownership in a company, also known as equity.
Stock Counter The stocks that are listed on Bursa Malaysia.
Stock Dilution Also known as equity dilution, is the decrease in existing shareholders’ ownership percentage of a company as a result of the company issuing new equity.
Stock Market A group of markets and exchanges.
Stock Option A right given to the investor to buy or sell stocks at an agreed-upon price and date.
Stock Quote Price of stock on an exchange, usually with high and low prices and the change in value.
Stock Split When a company divides its existing shares into multiple shares in order to boost liquidity.
Stock Symbol Letters representing securities listed publicly on an exchange, often related to the company name.
Stock Valuation The process of determining the intrinsic value of a share of common stock of a company.
Stockbroker A professional that performs buy and sell orders on behalf of their clients for stocks and other securities.
Stockholder Owner of common or preferred stocks of a company, also known as shareholder.
Stop-Limit Order Combination of stop with those of a limit order and is used to mitigate risk and becomes a limit order to buy or sell at the limit price or better.
Straight Bonds Bond with no special features that has a coupon and principal at maturity.
Sub-Sector A subdivision of a sector.
Sukuk An Islamic financial certificate that is similar to Western finance’s bond which complies to Sharia law and involves asset ownership.
Support The price level at which demand is thought to be strong enough to prevent the price from declining further.
Swaps Private agreement between two parties to exchange cash flows in the future.
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