Glossary

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P

P/E Ratio Current market price to earnings per stock ratio which will compare the performance of a company with the industry, from one period to another.
Passive Investor Investor who does not get closely involved with investee companies.
Payroll A list of all a company’s employees and their salaries.
PEG Ratio Ratio of the P/E Ratio to the growth rate of the earnings in a specified period which will show stock’s true value.
Penny Stock Trade The small company’s stock that typically trade below average prices (below RM0.50 in Malaysia).
Perpetual Bond Bond that is issued with no redemption or maturity date. The coupons on a perpetual bond are paid indefinitely.
Pivot point A technical analysis indicator, or calculations, used to determine the overall trend of the market over different time frames.
Portfolio Block of assets generally managed under the same mandate.
Preferred Dividend Dividends that are paid to a company’s preferred stocks shareholders.
Preferred Stock Shares with dividends being paid out to the shareholders before the dividends for common stock are issued but did not have voting rights.
Pre-Market Trading activity period before the normal trading session.
Premium The amount in which a stock or bond sells above its par value.
Primary Market Market in which securities are sold at the time they are first issued.
Principal Original total of money taken as loan or put into investment, also could refer to a face value of a bond.
Private Debt Securities (PDS) Private debt securities are issues by corporations and/or both financial and non-financial institutions.
Private Equity Ownership interest in a company or portion of a company that is not publicly owned, quoted or traded on a stock exchange.
Privatization The Government’s exercise of the transfer to private ownership companies or public enterprises owned by the Government.
Profit Financial gain earned when the revenue is greater than all expenses or is calculated as total revenue minus total expenses.
Profit before tax (PBT) Company’s profits before the company has to pay corporate income tax. It deducts all expenses from revenue including interest expenses and operating expenses except for income tax.
Prospective Profit The capacity for making more money in future transactions in business and trading.
Proxy A shareholder vote on matters that require shareholders’ approval.
Public Company A company in which the ownership is distributed amongst general public shareholders through trading of stocks on exchanges or over-the-counter.
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