Glossary

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F

Face Value Nominal value of a security stated by the issuer, original cost of stock on certificate or amount paid at bond maturity to the holder.
Fair Value Estimated value of assets and liabilities stated on the company’s books.
Fiat Money Government-issued currency that is not backed by a physical commodity, such as gold or silver. (Paper money or coinage)
Financial Asset Assets in which the value comes from a contractual claim.
Financial Engineering Use to solve financial problems and to devise new and innovative financial products.
Financial Institution Company that provides financial services that dealing in monetary transactions and act as intermediaries of financial markets.
Financial Leverage The use of borrowed money (debt) to finance the purchase of assets.
Financial Market An organized institutional structure to create and exchange financial assets.
Financial Statement Records of company’s business activities and financial performance which includes balance sheet, income statement and cash flow statement.
Fiscal Policy Collective term for decisions made by a government in relation to tax and spending.
Fiscal Year Accounting period of 12 consecutive months in which a company determines earnings and profits, does not necessarily follows the calendar year.
Fixed Asset A long-term property that a firm owns and are used in operations to generate income.
Fixed income security A security that pays a rate of interest that has been set on a regular basis.
Flat Market A market showing horizontal price movement that is usually the result of low activity.
Floating Stock The number of shares that is available to be traded for a particular stock.
Forecasted Profit or Loss Predict profit and losses over the coming financial year.
Foreign Exchange Market Market which participants are able to buy and sell exchange and speculate on currencies.
Forward Contract Agreement between two parties,buyer and seller to purchase or sell assets or commodities at later date at price agreed upon today.
Free Cash Flow Represents the cash a company generates after cash outflows to support operations and maintain its capital assets.
Fundamental Analysis Observes numerous elements that affect stock prices such as sales, price to earnings (P/E) ratio, profits, earnings per share (EPS), as well as macroeconomic and industry specific factors.
Futures Derivative financial contracts that buyer or seller is obligated to transact the asset at a set future date and price.
Futures Contract A legal agreement to buy or sell commodities or asset at a set price and date in the future.
Futures Market Also called as future exchanges where the financial products are traded as futures contract.
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