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F

Face ValueNominal value of a security stated by the issuer, original cost of stock on certificate or amount paid at bond maturity to the holder.
Fair ValueEstimated value of assets and liabilities stated on the company’s books.
Fiat MoneyGovernment-issued currency that is not backed by a physical commodity, such as gold or silver. (Paper money or coinage)
Financial AssetAssets in which the value comes from a contractual claim.
Financial EngineeringUse to solve financial problems and to devise new and innovative financial products.
Financial InstitutionCompany that provides financial services that dealing in monetary transactions and act as intermediaries of financial markets.
Financial LeverageThe use of borrowed money (debt) to finance the purchase of assets.
Financial MarketAn organized institutional structure to create and exchange financial assets.
Financial StatementRecords of company’s business activities and financial performance which includes balance sheet, income statement and cash flow statement.
Fiscal PolicyCollective term for decisions made by a government in relation to tax and spending.
Fiscal YearAccounting period of 12 consecutive months in which a company determines earnings and profits, does not necessarily follows the calendar year.
Fixed AssetA long-term property that a firm owns and are used in operations to generate income.
Fixed income securityA security that pays a rate of interest that has been set on a regular basis.
Flat MarketA market showing horizontal price movement that is usually the result of low activity.
Floating StockThe number of shares that is available to be traded for a particular stock.
Forecasted Profit or LossPredict profit and losses over the coming financial year.
Foreign Exchange MarketMarket which participants are able to buy and sell exchange and speculate on currencies.
Forward ContractAgreement between two parties,buyer and seller to purchase or sell assets or commodities at later date at price agreed upon today.
Free Cash FlowRepresents the cash a company generates after cash outflows to support operations and maintain its capital assets.
Fundamental AnalysisObserves numerous elements that affect stock prices such as sales, price to earnings (P/E) ratio, profits, earnings per share (EPS), as well as macroeconomic and industry specific factors.
FuturesDerivative financial contracts that buyer or seller is obligated to transact the asset at a set future date and price.
Futures ContractA legal agreement to buy or sell commodities or asset at a set price and date in the future.
Futures MarketAlso called as future exchanges where the financial products are traded as futures contract.
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