Glossary

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D

Daily price limit A level in which futures, commodities and options markets are allowed to rise and fall within in a day, usually is imposed by the exchanges on each contract.
Day Change The difference between a stock’s current price and its price as of market close on the prior trading day.
Day High The highest price for a stock for that trading day.
Day Low The lowest price for a stock for that trading day.
Day Range The highest and lowest prices reached during the course of the day.
Debentures A fixed interest security which has a maturity date and a specified rate of interest.
Debt to Equity Ratio (D/E) Ratio of total liabilities to total shareholders’ equity.
Debt-to-Capital Ratio (D/C) Measures the proportion of interest-bearing debt to the sum of interest-bearing debt and shareholders’ equity.
Defensive Stock Stock which is expected to be less volatile than the overall market.
Deferred Coupon Bond Bonds that the interest payment are deferred for a specific number of years.
Deflation When there is a decline in prices of goods and services, an exact opposite to inflation.
Delisting Removal of a company’s security from being listed on an exchange because specific regulations has not been abided.
Delta Ratio that compares the change in the price of an asset, usually a marketable security, to the corresponding change in the price of its derivative.
Depreciation A decline in the value of assets over time.
Derivative An asset that derives value from another source such as stock, bond, commodities or market index.
Diluted EPS Profitability calculation that measures the amount of income each share will receive if all of the dilutive securities are realized.
Direct Investment Buying stock directly from the company eliminates brokerage fees.
Disbursement The act of paying out or disbursing money.
Disclosure of Ownership If an analyst mentions a stock he or she owns, we disclose that fact at the bottom of any editorial piece that mentions the security.
Discount Brokerage A stockbroker who carries out buy and sell orders at a reduced commission rate.
Discount Rate Rate of interest used to convert a cash amount occurring in the future into a present value.
Dispostion Getting rid of an asset or security through a direct sale or some other method.
Diversification The practice of spreading out investmets across different securities, sectors and asset classes in order to reduce risk.
Dividend A reward from the company’s net profit allocated to the shareholders usually in cash payments, stock shares or other property.
Dividend Payable The dividend that is declared by a company and which they are obligated to pay.
Dividend Payout Ratio (DPR) The dividend payout ratio is the ratio of the total amount of dividends paid out to shareholders relative to the net income of the company.
Dividend Rate A fixed or floating rate paid for preferred stocks based on the par value.
Dividend Yield The ratio of the company’s annual dividend to its share price and expressed in percentage.
Double Entry An accounting system in which each transaction is recorded as both a credit and a debit, an asset and a liability.
Dow Jones Industrial Average (Dow) Most common used performance indicator of stock market, build on prices of 30 blue chip stocks that are actively traded.
DPS (Dividend per Share) Total declared dividends that a company issued divided by the number of outstanding ordinary shares.
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