Glossary

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C

Candlestick A type of price chart used that displays the high, low, open, and closing prices of a security for a specific period.
Capital The financial resources that businesses can use to fund their operations like cash, machinery, equipment and other resources.
Capital Gain The difference between the price that the investment was bought for and the price it is being sold.
Capital Growth Appreciation in the capital or market value of an investment.
Capital Loss The loss incurred when a capital asset, such as an investment or real estate, decreases in value.
Capital Stock The number of common and preferred shares that the company is allowed to issue.
Capitalization The market value of a company, calculated by multiplying the number of shares outstanding by the price per share.
Cash Equivalent A short-term money-market instrument, such as a Treasury bill or repurchase agreement, of such high liquidity and safety that it is easily converted into cash.
Cash Flow The total amount of money being transferred into and out of a business, especially as affecting liquidity.
Cash Ratio Measures the company’s liquidity, calculated by the ratio of the company’s total cash and cash equivalents to the current liabilities.
Central Depository System An account which is needed if you want to transfer ownership and trade shares using electronic means.
Certificate of deposit Give a bank certain amount of money for predetermined amount of time and get principal back with predetermined amount of interest when the time period is over.
Change (%) Shows the percentage of difference between the current price and settlement price or last trade for the previous day.
Clearing House Institution positioned between two respective counterparties and responsible for the trade settlement thus removing counterparty risk from both parties.
Closing The closing price for a stock on a particular trading day.
Collaterized Debt Offering (CDO) Financial product that pools together cash flow-generating assets and repackages this asset pool into discrete tranches.
Commercial Papers (CP) An unsecured, short-term debt instrument issued by a corporation, typically for the financing of accounts payable and inventories.
Commission A fee charged for the broker’s service. Also called brokerage.
Commodity Basic goods used in commerce that is interchangeable with other commodities of the same type.
Commodity Futures Contract Agreement to buy or sell commodities at a predetermined amount for a specific price on a specific date in the future.
Common Stock A security to represent ownership in a company which give the stockholders a right to elect board of directors and to vote.
Consumer Price Index(CPI) Monthly measurement of a countries prices for most household goods and services. It reports inflation, or rising prices, and deflation, or falling prices.
Contract Size A standardized amount to tell sellers and buyers the exact quantity of a stock, commodity or financial instrument being sold or bought.
Contrarian Strategies Investors buy stocks that have performed poorly and sell stocks that have performed well.
Convertible Bond One of the fixed income securities which could be converted to a number of common stock or equity that has been predetermined.
Convertible Preferred Stock Preferred shares that can be converted into a number of common shares after a predetermined date, at the request of shareholder or by force conversion.
Convexity Measure of the way a bond’s duration changes in response to a change in interest rates.
Corporate Bond A long-term bond issued by a corporation to raise outside capital.
Corporate Tax Tax that need to be pay by the company from their profit to the government.
Credit Ratings The mechanism where independent third party makes an assessment to give rating regarding to the information likelihood default in payment of issuer.
Credit Risk Risk that the issuer of the bond will not be able to pay the interest or principal payments.
Cryptocurrencies Digital currencies that don’t have any government backing that buy and sell happen in cryptocurrency exchanges.
Currency A form of payment for goods and services issued by a government.
Current Assets A company’s cash and its other assets that are expected to be converted to cash within one year of the date appearing in the heading of the company’s balance sheet.
Current Liabilities A company’s short-term financial obligations that are due within one year or within a normal operating cycle.
Current Ratio Liquidity ratio that measures a company’s ability to pay short-term obligations or those due within one year.
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