Glossary

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B

Balance Sheet A balance sheet shows the company’s assets, liabilities and the shareholders’ equity.
Balanced Funds A mutual fund that contains a mix of stock component, a bond component and sometimes a money market component in a single portfolio.
Bankruptcy Company or individual has amount of debt that cannot be paid. Bankruptcy involves a legal process, possibly including the sale of asstes to reduce the debt amount.
Bear Market A condition where the price of the securities fall 20% or more and can be linked with decline in the market or index.
Benchmark A standard against which the performance of a security, mutual fund or investment manager can be measured.
Berhad (BHD) This suffix identifies a company as a public limited company.
Beta Measure of a stock’s volatility in relation to the market where 1 is neutral; above 1 is more volatile; and less than 1 is less volatile.
Bid An offer that an investor, trader or dealer made to buy a commodity, security or currency that specifies  the price and quantity that they will purchase.
Bid Price Price offered for a service, commodity or contract that is the opposite to ask price.
Bid-Ask Spread The amount by which the ask price exceeds the bid price for an asset in the market.
Blue Chip An established, well-recognised and stable company which are seen as a more safe investment.
Bollinger Bands Technical analysis tool defined by a set of lines plotted two standard deviations (positively and negatively) away from a simple moving average (SMA)
Bond One of the fixed income securities which represents a loan that is made by an investor to a borrower.
Bonus Issue A company offering additional shares for free to existing shareholders.
Bookkeeper A person whose job is to record daily transactions, issue invoices and complete payrolls.
Bootstrapping Using own capital to finance start-up business and use the profits earned to reinvest in the business.
Bottom-up Approach An active investment management for identification and selection of companies to build a portfolio.
Bourse A term for stock exchange, grain exchange or exchange dealing in commodities.
Broker Works as an agent to execute buy and sell orders by an investor and charges commission for its services.
Bull Market A condition where the price of the securities are rising or expected to rise and can be linked with an increase in the market or index.
klse share price, target price, profit PER estimation
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